Weekly Readings

Weekly readings:

* Marked readings are required. Others are recommended.

W1      Introduction: Small Architecture

* Tureli, Ipek. “‘Small’ Architectures, Walking and Camping in Middle Eastern Cities.” International Journal of Islamic Architecture 2.1 (2013): 5-38.

 Part 1 | Spatial Justice

 W2      The (un)Just City

Case study: Gezi Protests, Istanbul, Turkey

*Soja, Edward . “The City and Spatial Justice.” 56–72. Université  Paris Ouest Nanterre La Defense, 2008. Available online at http://books.openedition.org/pupo/415#text.

Marcuse, Peter. “Spatial Justice: Derivative but Causal of Social Justice.” In Justice et Injustice Spatiale, 76–92. Paris: Presses universitaires de Paris Ouest, n.d. Available online at  http://books.openedition.org/pupo/420

Soja, Edward. “Why Spatial? Why Justice? Why L.A.? Why Now?” In Seeking Spatial Justice, 13–30. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.

(streaming video of public lecture) Soja, Edward. “Seeking Spatial Justice and the Right to the City”, Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA), 2012. http://www.cca.qc.ca/en/study-centre/1764-edward-soja-seeking-spatial-justice-and-the-right-to-the

On Gezi:

Bunch, William. “From Istanbul to Rio to Philly, This Democracy Thing Is Broken.” The Huffington Post Blog, June 18, 2013. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/will-bunch/from-istanbul-to-rio-to-philly_b_3462891.html.

Fischer-Baum, Reuben. “Stop Calling It a Small Park.” Gawker, June 6, 2013. http://gawker.com/stop-calling-gezi-park-a-small-green-space-511660654.

Huffington Post’s Gezi Page: www.huffingtonpost.com/news/gezi-park

Kimmelman, Michael. “The Plan to Change Taksim Square.” The New York Times. June 7, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/06/07/world/europe/The-Plan-to-Change-Taksim-Square.html?ref=europe.

Jadaliyya’s Turkey Page: http://turkey.jadaliyya.com/

Jost, Daniel. “Istanbul’s Awful Plans.” Landscape Architecture Magazine, June 3, 2013. http://landscapearchitecturemagazine.org/2013/06/03/istanbuls-awful-plans/.

 W3      The Right to the City

Case study: Urban greens; allotments and parks; People’s Park, Berkeley, CA; Washington Square Park, New York, NY

* Harvey, David. “Henri Lefebvre’s Vision.” In Rebel Cities: From the City to the Urban Revolution, IX–XVII. London, New York: Verso, 2012.

Crantz, Galen. Politics of Park Design: A History of Urban Parks in America. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1982.

Krasny, Elke ed. Right to Green: Hands-on urbanism 1850-2012. Hong Kong: MCCM Creations, 2012. (See also the website

Lefebvre, Henri. “Right to the City (Le Droit À La Ville, 1968).” In Writings on Cities, edited by Eleonore Kofman and Elizabeth Lebas. 63–181. New York: Blackwell, 1968.

Mitchell, Don. “From Free Speech to People’s Park: Locational Conflict and the Right to the City.” In The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space, 81–117. New York, London: Guilford Press, 2003.

Stickells, Lee. “The Right to the City: Rethinking Architecture’s Social Significance.” Architectural Theory Review 16, no. 3 (2011): 213–227.

W4      The Politics of Public Space

Case study: Gated Communities; Gurgaon, New Delhi, India

* Kilian, Ted. “Public and Private, Power and Space.” In Philosophy and Geography II : the Production of Public Space, 115–134. Lanham, Boulder, New York, Oxford: Lanham : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1998.

Low, Setha.  Behind the Gates: Life, Security, and the Pursuit of Happiness in Fortress America. New York: Routledge, 2003.

————–. “How Private Interests Take over Public Space: Zoning, Taxes, and Incorporation of Gated Communities.” In The Production of Public Space, 81–103. London, New York: Routledge, 2006.

————–. “Chapter 8: Public Space and Protest.” In On the Plaza: The Politics of Public Space and Culture, 274. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000.

McKenzie, Evan. Privatopia: Homeowner Associations and the Rise of Residential Private Government. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.

Piper, Karen. “Revolution of the Thirsty.”  In Places (2012).

Smith, Neil. The New Urban Frontier: Gentrification and the Revanchist City. New York: Routledge, 1996.

Some of the classic texts that changed the practice of urban design:

Jacobs, Jane. “The Uses of Sidewalks: Safety,” From The Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961) in The City Reader, edited by Richard T LeGates and Frederic Stout, 103-108. London; New York : Routledge, 1996.

Lynch, Kevin. “The Image and its Elements,” from The Image of the City (1960) in The City Reader, edited by Richard T LeGates and Frederic Stout, 98-102. London; New York : Routledge, 1996.

White, William. “The Design of Spaces,” from City: Rediscovering the Center (1988), in The City Reader, edited by Richard T LeGates and Frederic Stout, 109-117. London; New York : Routledge, 1996.

W5      Spatial Justice: Race and Gender

Case study: Women’s School of Planning and Architecture; the shooting of Trayvon Martin in a Florida gated community; Ferguson protests of 2014

* Lipsitz, George. “The Racialization of Space and the Spatialization of Race” Landscape Journal 26.1(2007): 10-23.

*Weismann, Leslie Kanes, “Women’s Environmental Rights: A Manifesto.” Heresies: A Feminist Publication on Art and Politics (1981).

Anthony, Kathryn. Designing for Diversity: Gender, Race and Ethnicity in the Architectural Profession. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2001.

Harris, Dianne. “Race, Space, and Trayvon Martin” online available, SAH Blog. 25 July 2013.

Harris, Dianne. “Race, Space, and the Destabilization of Practice.” In Harris Ed., Landscape Journal on “Race and Space” guest-edited by Dianne Harris. Vol. 26, n. 1, Spring, 2007. Iv-vi

Hayden, Dolores. Redesigning the American Dream: The Future of Housing, Work and Family. New York: W.W. Norton, 1984.

Rendell, Jane. “Tendencies and Trajectories: Feminist Approaches in Architecture.” In The SAGE Handbook of Architectural Theory, 85–97. London: SAGE, 2012.

Weismann, Leslie Kanes. Discrimination by Design: A Feminist Critique of the Man-Made Environment. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

W6      Mapping Controversies

*Till, Jeremy. “Lo-Fi Architecture.” In Architecture Depends, 135–195. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2009.

Dovey, Kim. “Chapter 2: Place as Assemblage.” In Becoming Places: Urbanism/Architecture/Identity/Power, 13–30. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Farias, Ignacio. “Introduction: Decentering the Object of Urban Studies.” In Urban Assemblages : How Actor-Network-Theory Changes Urban Studies, edited by Ignacio Farias and Thomas Bender, 1–24. London, New York: Routledge, 2010.

Latour, Bruno, and Emilie Hermant. Paris: Invisible City. Translated by Liz Carey-Libbrecht, 1998. Available online at http://www.bruno-latour.fr/virtual/PARIS-INVISIBLE-GB.pdf.

Latour, Bruno. Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Available online at http://site.ebrary.com/lib/mcgill/docDetail.action?docID=10233636.

Yaneva, Albena. “Mapping Controversies as a Teaching Philosophy in Architecture.” In Mapping Controversies in Architecture, 68–82. Surrey, Burlington: Ashgate, 2012.

Part 2 | Histories of Activism in Architecture 

W7      Architecture-without-Architects & Self-Help Housing

Case study: squatter communities in the developing world; self-help housing; Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna

Guest speaker: Vikram Bhatt

* Vikram Bhatt, “Alternatives for a Developing India.” In Contemporary Indian Architecture: After the Masters, edited by Vikram Bhatt and Peter Scriver.  89-97. Ahmedabad: Mapin Pub. Pvt. Ltd., 1990.

Jenkins, Paul, Joanne Milner, and Tim Sharpe. “A Brief Historical Review of Community Technical Aid and Community Architecture.” In Architecture, Participation, and Society, edited by Leslie Forsyth, 23–38. London, New York: Routledge, 2010.

Miles, Malcolm. “Living Lightly on the Earth” In Non-Plan, Essays on Freedom Participation and Change in Modern Architecture and Urbanism. 198-221, edited by Jonathan Hughes and Simon Sadler. Oxford: Architectural Press, 2007.

Klaus Novy, “Self-help as a Reform Movement: The Struggle of the Viennese Settler after World War I,” Krasny, Elke ed. Right to Green: Hands-on Urbanism 1850-2012. Hong Kong: MCCM Creations, 2012. (First published in German in 1981).

Rudolfsky, Bernard. Architecture Without Architects: An Introduction to Nonpedigreed Architecture. Garden City: Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), 1964.

Ruesjas, Ana Laura. “Lessons from the Mexicali Experiemental Project,” Krasny, Elke ed. Right to Green: Hands-on Urbanism 1850-2012. Hong Kong: MCCM Creations, 2012. 200-302.

Rybczynski, Witold, Vikram Bhatt, Mohammad Alghamdi, Ali Bahammam, Marcia Niskier, Bhushan Pathare, Amirali Pirani, Rajinder Puri, Nitin Raje, and Patrick Reid, How the Other Half Builds (Montreal: Centre for Minimum Cost Housing, 1984).

Turner, John. “The Squatter Settlement: An Architecture That Works.” Architectural Design (AD) (August 1968): 357–360. See also: http://www.communityplanning.net/JohnTurnerArchive/

Also see August 1963 issue of AD on “Architecture-without-Architects.”

W8      Architecture’s Public & Participatory Design

Case study: Teddy Cruz in San Diego; muf in London

Guest speakers puf! Cynthia Hammond & Tom Stickland

* de Carlo, Giancarlo. “Architecture’s Public.” In Architecture and Participation, edited by Peter Blundell-Jones, Donia Petrescu, and Jeremy Till, 3–22. London, New York: Spon Press, 2005.

* Barthes, “Death of the Author (1968),” In Participation, edited by Claire Bishop, 41-45.  London : Whitechapel ; Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press, 2006.

An Architektur, and Mathias Heyden. “On Consensus, Equality, Experts, and Good Design: An Interview with Roberta Feldman and Henry Sanoff.” In Agency: Working with Uncertain Architectures, edited by Stephen Walker, Donia Petrescu, Tatjana Schneider, Renata Tyszczuk, and Florian Kossak. London, New York: Routledge, 2010.

Barker, Paul. “Thinking the Unthinkable,” In Non-Plan, Essays on Freedom Participation and Change in Modern Architecture and Urbanism. 2-12, edited by Jonathan Hughes and Simon Sadler. Oxford: Architectural Press, 2007.

Comerio, Mary. “Community Design: Entrepreneurialism and Idealism.” Journal of Architecture and Planning Research 1 (1984): 227–243.

Davidoff, Paul. “Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning.” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 31, no. 4 (1965): 331–338.

Fisher, Thomas. “Foreword: Public-Interest Architecture: A Needed and Inevitable Change.” In Expanding Architecture: Design as Activism, edited by Bryan Bell and Katie Wakeford, 8–13. New York: Metropolis Books, 2008.

Jenkins, Paul, Joanne Milner, and Tim Sharpe. “A Brief Historical Review of Community Technical Aid and Community Architecture.” In Architecture, Participation, and Society, edited by Leslie Forsyth, 23–38. London, New York: Routledge, 2010.

Schumann, Anthony. “Introduction: The Pedagogy of Engagement.” In From the Studio to the Streets: Service-learning in Planning and Architecture, edited by Mary Hardin, Richard Anthony Eribes, and Corky Poster, 01–15. Sterling: Stylus, 2006.

Solomon, David. “Plural Profession, Discrete Practices.” In The SAGE Handbook of Architectural Theory, edited by Greig Crysler, Stephen Cairns, and Hilde Heynen, 430–443. London: SAGE, 2012.

Tuscano, Cleila. “The Underlying Reason: Interview with Giancarlo De Carlo, Ralph Erskine and Aldo van Eyck: Milano, Circolo Della Stampa on Corso Venezia: 9 November 1990.” In Team 10: 1953-81 In Search of a Utopia of the Present, edited by Max Risselada, Dirk Van den Heuvel, Team 10, and Nederlands Architectuurinstituut, 370. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers, 2005.

 W9      Humanitarian Design

Case study: Rural Studio

Film: Citizen Architect: Samuel Mockbee and the Spirit of the Rural Studio, directed by Sam Wainwright Douglas

* Stohr, Kate, Cameron Sinclair, and Architecture for Humanity. “100 Years of Humanitarian Design.” In Design Like You Give a Damn: Architectural Responses to Humanitarian Crises, 33–55. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2006.

Jann, Marcia, and Stephen Platt. “Philanthropic Architecture: Nongovernmental Development Projects in Latin America.” Journal of Architectural Education 62, no. 4 (April 24, 2009): 82–91.

Oppenheimer Dean, Andrea, and Timothy Hursley. “Experiencing the Rural Studio: Interviews with Students, a Teacher and a Client.” In Proceed and Be Bold: Rural Studio after Sam Mockbee, 160–167. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2005.

———–. “Introduction.” In Proceed and Be Bold: Rural Studio after Sam Mockbee, 06–17. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2005.

———–. “Lucy’s House.” In Proceed and Be Bold: Rural Studio after Sam Mockbee, 20–39. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2005.

Sinclair, Cameron, Kate Stohr, and Architecture for Humanity. “I Hope It’s a Long List.” In Design Like You Give a Damn: Architectural Responses to Humanitarian Crises, 11–32. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2006.

Further reading on “scarcity”:

Awan, Nishat, Tatjana Schneider, and Jeremy Till. Spatial Agency: Other Ways of Doing Architecture. New York: Routledge, 2011. See website.

Goodbun, Jon, Jeremy Till, and Deljana Iossifova. “Scarcity: Architecture in an Age of Depleting Resources.” Architectural Design (AD) 82, no. 4 (July/August 2012): 144.

MacDonough, William. Design, Ecology, Ethics, and the Making of Things, sermon

Till, Jeremy. “Scarcity Contra Austerity.” Places

http://places.designobserver.com/feature/scarcity-contra-austerity/35638/.

W10   Situationist & Agency of Mapping

Case study: Situationists

* Corner, James. “The Agency of Mapping: Speculation, Critique and Invention.” In Mappings, edited by Denis Cosgrove, 213–252. London: Reaktion, 1999.

Amoroso, Nadia. “Graphic Integrity and Mapping Complexity, the Works of Lynch, Wurman, and Tufte.” In The Exposed City: Mapping the Urban Invisibles. 41-67. London: Routledge, 2010.

Borges, Jorge Luis. “On Exactitude in Science.” In Collected Fictions, translated by Andrew Hurley. New York: Penguin, 1998.

Debord, Guy.  Society of the Spectacle. New York : Zone Books, 1994.

Dignazio, Catherine. “Art and Cartography.” International Encyclopedia of Human Geography. 1. Amsterdam, Oxford, London: Elsevier, 2009.  Available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780080449104#ancpt0185.

MVRDV. The Vertical Village : Individual, Informal, Intense. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers, 2012.

Sadler, Simon. “Formulary for a New Urbanism: Rethinking the City.” In The Situationist City, 69–103. Cambridge, London: MIT Press, 1999.

Wollen, Peter. “Mappings: Situationists And/or Conceptualists.” In Rewriting Conceptual Art, edited by Michael Newman and Jon Bird, 27–46. London: Reaktion, 1999.

Wood, Denis, John Fels, and John Krygier. “Counter-Mapping and the Death of Cartography.” In Rethinking the Power of Maps, 111–155. New York: Guilford Press, 2010.

Wu, Rufina, and Stefan Canham. Portraits from Above: Hong Kong’s Informal Rooftop Communities. MCCM Creations, 2009. 

W11   Guerilla Urbanism & Interventions

Case studies: Reclaiming the Streets; Rebar

* Bourrriand, Nicolas. “Relational Aesthetics (1998),” In Participation, edited by Claire Bishop, 160-171.  London : Whitechapel ; Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press, 2006.

* Hou, Jeffrey. “(Not) Your Everyday Public Space.” In Insurgent Public Space : Guerrilla Urbanism and the Remaking of Contemporary Cities, 1–17. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Becker, Jochen, Mirko Zardini, Giovanna Borasi, and Centre canadien d’architecture. Actions: What You Can Do with the City. Montreal: Canadian Centre for Architecture and SUN, 2008.

Bell, Bryan, and Katie Wakeford. Expanding Architecture: Design as Activism. New York: Metropolis Books, 2008.

Bishop, Peter, and Lesley Williams. The Temporary City. London, New York: Routledge, 2012.

Chase, John, Margaret Crawford, and John Kaliski. Everyday Urbanism. Monacelli Press, 2008.

Ferrell, Jeff. “Reclaiming the Streets.” In Tearing Down the Streets: Adventures in Urban Anarchy, 131–141. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2001.

Lepik, Andres. Small scale, Big change: New Architectures of Social Engagement. New York. New York: Museum of Modern Art; Basel: Birkhäuser, 2010.

Merker, Blaine. “Taking Place: Rebar’s Absurd Tactics in Generous Urbanism.” In Insurgent Public Space : Guerrilla Urbanism and the Remaking of Contemporary Cities, edited by Jeffrey Hou, 45–58. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Reinhold, Martin. “Occupy: The Day After.” Places (2011). .

———. “Occupy: What Architects Can Do.” Places (2011).

Smith, Cynthia, ed. Design for the Other 90%. New York: Smithsonian, Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, 2011.

Thompson, Nato, Arjen Noordeman, and Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art. The Interventionists: Users’ Manual for the Creative Disruption of Everyday Life. North Adams: MASS MoCA, 2004.

Zeiger, Mimi. “The Interventionist’s Toolkit.” Places (2012). 

——

W01_Tureli_Small_Architectures W02_Chatterton_Seeking_the_Urban_Common W02_Declaration_Hardt_Negri W02_Hardt_Negri_Harvey_Commonwealth_an_Exchange W02_Harvey W02_Soja_Why_Justice_Why_Spatial_Why_LA_Why_Now W03_Harvey_Rebel_Cities W03_lefebvre-henri-writings-on-cities W03_mitchell_From_Free_Speech_to_Peoples_Park W03_Stickells_RighttotheCity W03_The_Right_to_the_City_Stickells W04_AlSayyad_Roy W04_Jacobs_The_Uses_of_Sidewalks (1) W04_Kilian_Public_Private_Power_Space W04_Low_Public_Space_and_Protest W04_Low_Public_Space_Politics_Democracy W04_Lynch_City_Image_And_its_Elements W04_Smith_Neil_Gentrification W04_Whyte_Design_of_Spaces W05_Anthony_Designing_for_Diversity W05_Dolores_Housing _and_American_Life W05_Lipsitz_race W05_Rendell_Tendencies_And_Trajectories W05_Weisman_Womens_Environmental_Rights W06_Dovey_Becoming_Places W06_Farias_Decentring the Object of Urban Studies W06_Latour_Arch W06_Latour_design W06_Latour_Paris-15yearslater W06_Latour_Paris W06_Till_Architecture_Depends W06_Yaneva_Mapping_Controversies W07_Bhatt_Alternatives_for_Developing_India W07_How the Other Half Builds – Bhatt W07_HOW_THE_OTHER_HALF_LIVES copy 2 W07_Miles_Living_Lightly_on_the_Earth W07_Rudolfsky_Architecture_Without_Architects W07_Ruesjas_Lessons_from_the_Mexicali_Experimental_Project W07_Turner_The_Squatter_Settlement W07_Vikram_Article_Activism_DevelopingWorld W08_Barker_Thinking_the_Unthinkable W08_Barthes_The_Death_of_the_Author W08_Comerio_Community_Design W08_Davidoff_Advocacy_and_Pluralism_in_Planning W08_DiCarlo_Architecture’s_Public W08_Salomon_Plural_Profession_Discrepant_Practices W08_Schumann_The_Pedagogy_of_Engagement W09_Architecture_for_Humanity_Design_Like_You_Give_A_Damn W09_Jann_Philanthropic_Architecture W09_Jann_Platt_Philanthropic_Architecture W09_Oppenheimer_Hursley_Introduction W09_Oppenheimer_Hursley_LucysHouse W09_Sinclair_I_Hope_its_a_Long_List W09_Stohr_100_Years_of_Humanitarian_Design W10_corner_mappings W10_Debord_Society_of_the_Spectacle W10_Dignazio_Art_and_Cartography W10_MVRDV_Vertical_Village W10_Sadler_Rethinking_the_City W10_Wood_Cartography_and_the_Death_of_Mapping W11_Bourriand_Relational_Aesthetics W11_Smith_Designing_Inclusive_Cities W11_Zardini_Introduction W12_Hou_Insurgent_Public_Space W12_Hou(2) W12_Rebar from Hou_Insurgent_Public_Space W12_The Interventionist’s Toolkit1 W12_The Interventionist’s Toolkit2 W12_The Interventionist’s Toolkit3

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